Abrus Precatorius Linn.

Abrus precatorius is a severely invasive plant in warm temperate to tropical regions, so much so that it has become effectively pantropicalin distribution. A climbing shrub with numerous slender branches. Leaves compound, 4.5-7.5 cm long; leaflets 10-12 pairs, ovate, obovate or oblong. Flowers crowded in rigid inflorescence, pale purple to yellowish. Fruit pods rectangular, bulgy. Sees ovoid scarlet with black spot round the hilum. Once the plants have grown to maturity under favourable conditions, their deep roots are extremely difficult to remove, and the plants' aggressive growth, hard-shelled seeds, and ability to sucker, renders an infestation extremely difficult to eradicate and makes it very difficult to prevent re-infestation.

Botanical name: Abrus precatorius Linn.
Family: Leguminosae
Genus: Abrus
Species: Precatorius
Scientific name: Abrus precatorius
Common name (s): Rati Gedi, Lalgedi (Nep), Rufous-throated Fulvetta
English name: Crab’s eye or wild liquorice
Trade name: Toh-azuki (Japanese)
Distribution: tropics and subtropics of Nepal between 300-1100m.
Flowering: March-April
Parts used: Roots, leaves & fruits

Principal constituents 
The major chemical constituents such as abrol, abrasine, precol and precasine from the roots. Seeds are  rich  in several essential  amino  acids  like  serine,  alanine,  valine,  choline  and  methyl  ester.   Seeds  are poisonous and contain  principle  compound  Abrine,  Abraline, Abrasine,  Abricin,  Abrin,  Abrusgenic-acid, Abrusgenic-acid-methyl-ester,  Abruslactone,  Abrussic-acid,  Anthocyanins,  Calcium,  Campesterol,  Choline, Cycloartenol,  Delphinidin,  Gallic-acid,  Glycyrrhizin,  Hypaphorine, and more.

As a traditional jewelry 
The seeds of Abrus precatorius are much valued in native jewelry for their bright coloration. Most beans are black and red, suggesting a ladybug, though other colors are available. Jewelry-making with jequirity seeds is dangerous, and there have been cases of death by a finger-prick while boring the seeds for beadwork.

As a traditional medicine
The white variety is used to prepare oil that is claimed to be an aphrodisiac. A tea is made from the leaves and used to treat fevers, coughs and colds. Seeds are poisonous and therefore are used after mitigation. Leaves are used inskin diseases and leucoderma. Roots diuretic, tonic is used in gonorrhea, jaundice and haemogloninuric bile. The oil made from the seed is highly used in Ayurveda because it is said to promote/stimulate hair growth. It is sometimes used as an ingredient in hair products.

We provide the raw of Abrus precatorius in different size and shapes as per customers’ choice and requirements. We usually use jute bags, carton boxes etc. for packing.

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