Allium sativum L. (garlic)
Species: A. sativum
Binomial name: Allium sativum L.
English name: Garlic
Nepali name: Lasun
Trade name: Garlic
Parts used: pulps & clusters
Chemical properties: Fresh garlic has sulfur-containing compounds alliin, ajoene, diallyl polysulfides, vinyldithiins, S-allylcysteine, and non-sulfur-containing enzymes, saponins, flavonoids, and Maillard reaction products. The composition of the bulbs is approximately 84.09% water, 13.38% organic matter, and 1.53% inorganic matter, while the leaves are 87.14% water, 11.27% organic matter, and 1.59% inorganic matter.
Garlic is the bulb of the garlic plant and belongs to the lily family (Liliaceae). The garlic bulb forms at the foot of the plant and has a broad, oval, flattened basal plate and up to 15 bulblets or "cloves". The cloves are enclosed in a paper-like skin. In addition, the entire garlic bulb is surrounded by several dry, brittle, white to reddish layers of skin, which readily break up. Fully-grown plant reaches about 50 to 60 cm in height and bears underground bulbous root containing about 8-20 bulblets known as cloves. The whole bulb itself is encased within several layers of white or mauve-tinged, papery-thin coverings.
Garlic serves as a spice in particular for seasoning meat, sausage products and soups and is also used for pharmaceutical purposes due to its health-promoting and disinfecting action when applied externally. Garlic is also further processed industrially into dry products, such as slices, granules or powder, or by distillation to produce garlic oil.
- Nepalese garlic contains many noteworthy phyto-nutrients, minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants that have proven health benefits.
- Nepalese garlic is found anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-fungal activities.
- It is an excellent source of minerals and vitamins that are essential for optimum health. The bulbs are one of the richest sources of potassium, iron, calcium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, and selenium.
- It contains many flavonoid anti-oxidants like carotene beta, zea-xanthin, and vitamins like vitamin-C. Vitamin C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free radicals.
- Its bulbs contain organic thio-sulfinite compounds such as diallyl disulfide, diallyl trisulfide and allyl propyl disulfide. Upon disruption of bulb, these compounds convert into allicin through enzymatic reaction.
- Allicin decreases blood vessel stiffness through facilitation of nitric oxide (NO) release. Nitric oxide relaxes blood vessels and thereby, bring a reduction in the total blood pressure. Further, it blocks platelet clot formation and has fibrinolytic action inside the blood vessels.
- The consumption of garlic helps to decrease in the incidence of stomach cancer.
Medicinal uses: Regular use of Himalayan garlic clusters help to prevent heart disease, including atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries (plaque buildup in the arteries that can block the flow of blood and may lead to heart attack or stroke), high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and to boost the immune system. Eating garlic regularly may also help protect against cancer.
Garlic may be applied to different kinds of bread to create a variety of classic dishes, such as garlic bread, garlic toast, bruschetta, crostini and canapé. Oils can be flavored with garlic cloves. These infused oils are used to season all categories of vegetables, meats, breads and pasta.
Garlic is packaged in wooden jointed boxes, jute bags, baskets or chip baskets I different sizes and quantity. We also offer buyers’ customized designs as per the mode of shipment and delivery.