Artemisia essential oil
Botanical Name: Artemisia indica Willd
English name: Artemisia
Nepali name: Titepati
Sanskrit name: Damanak
Trade name: Artemisia
Flowering period: June-July
Parts used: Leaves and young shoots
Habitat/Distribution in Nepal: 300-2400m throughout Nepal
Principal Constituents: The chemical composition of the essential oils of Artemisia vulgaris L. growing in Northern Lithuania has been studied. The wild growing plants were collected in seven localities at the early flowering stage in 2004 and 2005; oils were prepared by ydrodistillation of mugwort overground parts and analyzed by GC/MS. Germacrene D has been found as the first principal component in three oils (10.6–15.1%), in two oils as the second (12.1 and 13.4%) and in one oil as the third (10.3%). trans-Thujone was determined as the first major constituent in one oil (20.2%) and cis-thujone as the second dominant compound in one oil (12.9%). Chrysanthenyl acetate prevailed in one oil (23.6%). 1,8-Cineole was the predominant constituent in two oils(16.7 and 17.6%). Among the other major compounds were sabinene, β- pinene, artemisia ketone, caryophyllene. Eighty one identified components formed up 81.9–96.8% of the total oil content. Oxygenated monoterpenes made up 17.1–48.7%, while sesquiterpenes 17.1– 44.1% of the oils.
Artemisia indica is an aromatic and herbaceous perennial shrub that grows about 2.4 m tall with woody roots. Its leaves are alternate, lower leaves ovate in outline deeply pinnatisect with small stipule like lobes at the base, pubescent above and tomentose beneath, uppermost leaves smaller, 3-fid or entire, lanceolate. Flowers are sub-globose heads in sub-erect or horizontal panicled racemes. Fruit oblong-ellipsoid minute achene and flowering season is June-July.
- Artemisia oil is stomachic, purgative, deobstruent, antispasmodic, anthelmintic, insecticide, and prescribed in infusion and electuary in case of obstructed mense and hysteria. It cures asthama, itching, anorexia, gastritis, rheumatism, bronchitis, fever, headache, hemorrhage and diarrhea. Externally it is used in skin diseases and foul ulcers.
- Leaf juice is taken to treat ringworm. Sometimes it is used to treat diarrhea and dysentery by sitting over a heated plant. The juice of the plant is traditionally used in Nepal to treat diarrhoea, dysentery and abdominal pains. It is used as an eyewash where it is said to relieve the burning sensation in conjunctivitis. A paste of the plant is applied externally to treat wounds.
- The roots are antiseptic and are a tonic for the kidneys.
- An infusion is used in the treatment of nervous and spasmodic affections, in asthma and in diseases of the brain. This infusion is also considered to be helpful in improving the appetite.
We provide Artemisia essential oil in different size and shapes as per customers’ choice and requirements. We usually use aluminum bottles and glass vessel for packing. Aluminum containers and epoxy-lined metallic barrels 50gm, 100gm, 500gm, 1kg, 5kg capacities.