Cinnamomum camphora L.

Cinnamomum camphora commonly known as Camphor tree, Camphorwood or camphor laurel is a large evergreen tree that grows up to 20–30 metres tall. The leaves have a glossy, waxy appearance and smell of camphor when crushed. In spring it produces bright green foliage with masses of small white flowers. It produces clusters of black berry-like fruit around one centimetre in diameter. It has a pale bark that is very rough and fissured vertically. Camphor is an evergreen tree with oval to elliptical leaves, arranged alternately on the stem. Slender twigs are initially green but change to reddish brown. Evergreen tree. Branches blackish and hairy. Buds enclosed in overlapping scales. Leaves alternate, 5-12 cm long, on long stalks, ovate-elliptic, apex long-pointed; shining above, whitish below; distinct midrib, with 2-3 pairs of secondary nerves; smelling strongly of camphor. Rowers yellow, in clusters shorter than the leaves. Fruit a berry 6-10 mm across, blackish when ripe.

Botanical Name: Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl
Family: Lauraceae
Genus:  Cinnamomum
Species: camphora
Other Scientific Names: Camphora officinarum Nees; Laurus camphora L.
Trade name: camphor laurel or camphora tree
English: campher; camphor; camphor tree; camphora tree
Nepalese Name: Kapur
Common Names: Japanese camphor; Spanish: alcanforero; French: arbre a camphre; campfre; camphrier; Chinese: Xiang-zhang; Zhang-shu; Portuguese: alcanforeira; Germany: Kampferbaum; India: kapur; karpurammu; Italy: canfora; confora (albero); Japan: hon-sho; kkusu-no-ki; kuso-no ki; Netherlands: kamferboom; Sri Lanka: kapuru-gaha; Sweden: kamfertraed

Habitat
Cinnamomum camphora inhabits disturbed areas, rocky hillsides, neglected agricultural/horticultural areas, fence lines, stream banks, roadsides and railway embankments. Apart from small areas of rainforest remnants there is limited competition from other tree species.

Traditional Uses: Cinnamomum camphora wood is heavy, moderately strong and resistant to insect damage and decay. It has a wide range of wood uses and is well known for its use in cases for storing clothes.  In India and Nepal it is greatly valued as a fuel wood for cremating corpses. There is potential for it to be established as an important commercial forest tree.    

Other uses: Camphor is used in the pharmaceutical and perfume industry.  C. camphora is also known for its use as a moth deterrent and as aromatherapy oil. The seed oil can be used for making soap and as a lubricant. The leaves are also used as a fodder for the 'silk fishing line' moth. Some 52 compounds have been detected from the essential oils and dichloromethane extracts of the stems, leaves and bark of C. camphora. Although camphor oil can be artificially synthesized, and eucalyptus oil is an alternative to treat opthalmic disorders as a bactericidal oil for control of bollworm, dust mites, Candida albens and ringworm and has potential anti-fungal activity against diseases of wheat.

We provide the raw of Cinnamomum camphora in different size and shapes as per customers’ choice and requirements. We usually use jute bags, carton boxes etc. for packing.

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