Cuminum cyminum L.

Cuminum cyminum is a flowering herbaceous plant in the family Apiaceae and native from the east Mediterranean to India. Cumin seeds are used in the cuisines of many different cultures, in both whole and ground form. It also has many uses as a traditional medicinal plant. Cumin is widely popular for its distinctive aroma which is commonly used as an ingredients in the Indian, North African, Middle Eastern, Cuban, Northern Mexican and many other cuisines. Cumin seeds impart distinctive strong flavor, and warm perception on taste buds, which comes from certain group of essential oils in them.

Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Cuminum
Species: C. cyminum
Binomial name: Cuminum cyminum L.
English name: cumin
Nepali name: zira
Trade name: cumin seeds
Harvesting period: August, September
Parts of use: Seed

Chemical compounds:  Major chemical compounds are monoterpene hydrocarbons, oxygenated monoterpenes, oxygenated sesquiterpenes, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, aldehydes, ketones and esters. The other components which occur in caraway seed are fatty acids, triacylglycerols, polysaccharides, and lignin. The major compounds occurring in caraway are carvacrol, carvone, α-pinene, limonene, γ-terpinene, linalool, carvenone, and p-cymene, whereas the major compounds occurring in cumin are cuminaldehyde, limonene, α- and β-pinene, 1,8-cineole, o- and p-cymene, α- and γ-terpinene, safranal and linalool.

The cumin plant is a small flowering herbaceous plant, with a slender, glabrous, branched stem which is 20–30 cm (8–12 in) tall and has a diameter of 3–5 cm. The plant flourishes well in sandy, fertile soil, assisted by hot summer weather conditions. Each branch has two to three sub-branches. All the branches attain the same height, therefore the plant has a uniform canopy. The stem is coloured grey or dark green. The leaves are 5–10 cm long, pinnate or bipinnate, with thread-like leaflets. The flowers are small, white or pink, and borne in umbels. Each umbel has five to seven umbellts. The fruit is a lateral fusiform or ovoid achene 4–5 mm long, containing two mericarps with a single seed. Cumin seeds have eight ridges with oil canals. They resemble caraway seeds, being oblong in shape, longitudinally ridged, and yellow-brown in colour, like other members of the Umbelliferae family such as caraway, parsley, and dill. 

 

  • The seeds are an excellent source of dietary fiber.
  • Cumin seeds contain phyto-chemicals that have antioxidant, carminative and anti-flatulent properties.
  • The cumin seeds contain certain health-benefiting essential oils such as cuminaldehyde (4-isopropylbenzaldehyde), pyrazines, 2-methoxy-3-sec-butylpyrazine, 2-ethoxy-3-isopropylpyrazine, and 2-methoxy-3-methylpyrazine.
  • Cumin seeds are an excellent source copper, calcium, potassium, manganese, zinc, iron, magnesium and selenium.
  • Cumin seeds contain very good amounts of B-complex vitamins such as thiamin, vitamin B-6, niacin, riboflavin, and other vital anti-oxidant vitamins like vitamin E, vitamin A, and vitamin C.
  • Seeds are also rich source of many flavonoid phenolic anti-oxidants such as carotenes, lutein and zea-xanthin.
  • Seeds’ active principles improve gut motility and help in digestion by augmenting gastro-intestinal enzyme secretions.

 

Medicinal uses

  • Cumin seeds are used to prepare decoction, which sometimes used in treating flatulence and indigestion in traditional medicines.
  • The seeds are being used in traditional medicines to stave-off common cold.

Culinary uses

  • Cumin ground is used in many dishes. The seeds generally roasted gently before using them in a recipe.
  • It is mostly used as a spice and employed in cooking as a condiment and flavoring base.
  • It is used as flavoring agent in chicken, fish, and meat dishes.
  • Cumin seeds are used in some Indian vegetarian (jeera daal, aaloo-jeera), chicken curries and rice dishes (biriyani, pulao). The spice is also favoured in Nepal, the Middle East especially in meat and rice dishes.
  • The seeds are used in the preparation of soups, barbecue sauces, pickling and as one of the ingredients in variety of curry powders.

Cumin seeds are packed in plastic bags, jute bags, paper box, and other customized packaging. We also provide different packaging as per customer/buyers’ choice and mode of shipping. Its size and quantity is depend upon the customers’ requirements.

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