Datura stramonium L.

Datura stramoinium is being used in traditional medicine. It is a foul-smelling, erect, annual, freely branching herbs or subshrubs, sometimes robust, 0.5-1.5 m tall, glabrescent with petiolate leaves. Leaf blade is broadly ovate, 8-17 × 4-14 cm, membranous, glabrescent, base asymmetric, cuneate, irregularly sinuous or dentate-lobed, apex acuminate, veins 3-5 pairs. Flowers are erect with pedicel 5-12 mm. Calyx is tubular, 5-angular, 3-5 cm. Corolla is white or pale purple, greenish at base, sometimes purple distally, funnelform; with limb 3-5 cm in diam.; lobes 6-10 cm, mucronate at apex. Filaments are ca. 3 cm; with anthers 3-4 mm. Capsules are erect, globose or ovoid, 3-4.5 × 2-4 cm, with copious prickles, rarely smooth, dehiscent by 4 equal valves, subtended by remnants of persistent calyx. Seeds are black, ovate or discoid, ca. 4 mm in diam.

Botanical name: Datura stramonium L.
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Datura
Species: D. stramonium
English name:  Dawny datura and Thorne apple
Other common names:  Jamestown weed, stinkweed, locoweed, pricklyburr, devil’s cucumber, hell's bells, devil’s trumpet, devil’s weed, and tolguacha

Habitat: Datura stramoinium is native to Mexico; now it’s distributed worldwide.  In Nepal, it grows throughout the country in moist open grounds of 1000 - 2500 m altitude.

Phytochemistry and Pharmacology: Datura stramonium has the varieties of pharmacological activities such as antiasthmatic activity, anticholinergic, acaricidal, repellent and oviposition derterrent, antimicrobial, anticancer, antiinflammatory, larvicidal and mosquito repellent, pesticide toxicity, antifungal, vibriocidal activities.
Datura stramonium contains variety of alkaloids including atropine, hyoscamine and scopolamine. Minor alkaloids present are tigloidin, aposcopolamine, apoatropin, hyoscyamine N-oxide and scopolamine N-oxide17-20. 6â-ditigloyloxytropane and 7-hydroxyhyoscyamine.

Datura stramoinium has been used in Ayurvedic medicine to relieve asthma symptoms and as an analgesic during surgery or bone setting. It is also a powerful hallucinogen and deliriant, which is used spiritually for the intense visions it produces. However, the tropane alkaloids responsible for both the medicinal and hallucinogenic properties are fatally toxic in only slightly higher amounts than the medicinal dosage, and careless use often results in hospitalizations and deaths.

We provide the raw of Datura stramoinium in different size and shapes as per customers’ choice and requirements. We usually use jute bags, carton boxes etc. for packing.

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