Species: B. nigra
Binomial name: Brassica nigr
English Name: Mustard
Nepali Name: Tori
Trade Name: Mustard Seeds
Nepal origin mustard (Brassica juncea) seeds come from mustard plant, a common annual field crop. Their colour ranges from reddish-brown to dark brown color, but when crushed they are yellow on the inside. They have a pungent & sharp flavor than other varieties of mustards.
Mustard is a winter crop in Nepal. The plant reaches about 4-5 feet in height and bears golden yellow colored flowers. Its tiny, round seeds measuring about one mm in diameter is encased inside a fruit pod in a similar fashion like green pea pod.
Mustard seeds are usually about 1 to 2 millimeters in diameter and may be colored from yellowish white to black. They are important herbs in many regional foods and may come from one of three different plants: black mustard (Brassica nigra), brown Indian mustard (B. juncea), or white mustard (B. hirta/Sinapis alba).
As a condiment, mustard averages approximately 5 calories per teaspoon. Mustard seeds are an excellent source of selenium and a very good source of omega-3 fatty acids and manganese. They are also a good source of phosphorus, magnesium, copper, and vitamin B1.
- Mustard seeds are very rich in phyto-nutrients, anti-oxidants, minerals and vitamins.
- Mustard seeds are very high in calories; 100 g of seeds provide 508 calories. Moreover, the seeds are made of quality proteins, essential oils, dietary fiber vitamins and minerals. They are are high in essential oils as well as plant sterols such as brassicasterol, campesterol, sitosterol, avenasterol, stigmasterol and many other.
- They are excellent source of essential B-complex vitamins such as folates, niacin, thiamin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid and pyridoxine (vitaminB-6).
- 100 g of mustards provide 4.733 mg of niacin (vitamin B-3). Niacin is a part of nicotinamide co-enzymes, helps lower blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
- They contain flavonoid and carotenoid antioxidants such as carotenes, zea-xanthin, and lutein.
- Mustard seeds are an excellent source of vitamin E, gamma to copherol and minerals (selenium, manganese, copper, zinc, calcium, iron)
- Seeds and oil is traditionally used to relieve muscle pain, rheumatism and arthritic pain.
- Applied over a scalp of a child stimulate hair growth and it is used as a massage oil .
- Used as a laxative, stimulant to gastric mucosa and increase intestinal secretion
Mustard seeds are used in cooking. Whole seeds, ground or powdered form, prepared pastes, sauces and oil are all used in cooking. Mustard paste and oil is widely used in making traditional pickle. It produces very fantastic aroma or flavor of any dishes cooked with mustard paste or oil.
Mustard seeds are usually packed in food graded sacks with customized quantity or size. We also provide customized packaging as per buyer’s choice and shipping modes.