Piper longum L.
Botanical Name: Piper longum L.
English name: Long pepper
Sanskrit name: Pipali, Magadhi
Nepali name: Pipala, Murjhang
Trade name: Pipli, pepper
Part Used: Roots & Fruits
Principal Constituents: It has insecticidal and acaricidal, antifungal, antiameobic, antimicrobial, antiasthmatic, antidiabetic, analgesic, antiinflammatory, hypocholesteromic, antioxidant, anticancer, immunomodulatory, antidepressant, antiulcer, hepatoprotective effect.
Ecology and Habitat: It is found in between 200 to 800m. It is found far away from the community and takes from hours to days to walk to its growing habitat.
Distribution in Nepal between 3500 to 4800m in the Himalayan of Nepal
Flowering: June- August
Pepper is having slender, aromatic, perennial climber, with woody roots and numerous wide ovate, cordate leaves. The inflorescence is a cylindrical, pedunculate spike, the female flower is up to 2.5 cm long and 4-5 mm in diameter but the male flower is larger and slender. The fruits are small, ovoid berries, shiny blackish green, embedded in fleshy spikes.
Roots are carminative, improve appetite, useful in bronchitis, abdominal pains, and diseases of spleen. Dried unripe fruiting spikes are used as medicin and spices. These are used to relieve from cold, cough, asthma, hoarseness and hiccup. Plant is considered as purgative, stomachic, aphrodisiac and useful in cough, asthma, bronchitis, fever, skin diseases, abdominal mass, piles, rheumatism. It is also considered as laxative, anthelmintic, carminative useful in loss of appetite, disease of spleen, tumours. Unripe fruit is useful in biliousness and ripe fruit is used as alterative, antidiarrhoeic, antidysenteric and considered to be useful in leucoderma, urinary discharges, leprosy, insomnia, jaundice, hiccough, etc.
Long pepper contains less essential oil than its relatives (about 1%), which consists of sesqui terpene hydro carbons and ethers (bisabolene, β-caryo phyllene, caryo phyllene oxide, each 10 to 20%; α-zingiberene, 5%), and, surprisingly, saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons: 18% pentadecane, 7% tridecane, 6% heptadecane.
Raw roots and fruits are available in different size and shapes as per customers’ choice and requirements. We usually use jute bags, carton boxes etc. for packing.