Terminalia Belerica Roxb.
Species: T. bellirica
English name: Belleric myrobolon, Bedda nut tree
Nepali name: Barro
Sanskrit name: Aksha, Anilkhanaka Baheduka
Trade name: Bahera, Belleric myrobolon
Flowering period: April-May
Parts used: Fruits
Habitat/ Distribution in Nepal: Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains; 300 - 1100 m, east to west
Principal constituents: Fruits contain β-sitosterol, gallic, ellagic acid, ethylgallite, galloylglucose, chebulagic acid and a cardic glycoside-bellaricanin. B-sitosterol, gallic acid, elligic acid, ethyl gallate, galloyl glucose, chebulagic acid, manitol, glactose, fructose, rhamose and tannin.
The fruits are useful in stomach disorder such as indigestion and diarrhea. Fruits are also useful in piles, leprosy, dropsy and fever. The belleirc fruit is one of the three constituents of the famous Indian Triphala, the other two being emboleic myrobolonand chebulic myrobolon. Fruits are chewed to cure cough, cold and as an appetizer.
Fruits of Belleric myrobolon are available in different sizes and design as per customers’ choice and requirements. We usually use jute bags, carton boxes etc. for packing.