Terminalia Belerica Roxb.

Terminalia belerica Roxb. (Combretaceae) is also known as Vibhitaki in Sanskrit, meaning fearless. It was used medicinally in Europe, having been introduced by the Arabs from India & Nepal. Terminalia belerica is distributed throughout the India & Nepal. Traditional Ayurvedic Medicine system use various parts of the plant for the treatment of anemia, jaundice, constipation, asthma, fever, ulcers, skin diseases. Also it is known to possess properties like analgesic, antidiuretic, anti-inflammatory, emmenogogue and abortifacient
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Terminalia
Species: T. bellirica
Botanical Name: Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn) Roxb.  
English name: Belleric myrobolon, Bedda nut tree
Nepali name:  Barro
Sanskrit name: Aksha, Anilkhanaka Baheduka 
Trade name: Bahera, Belleric myrobolon 
Flowering period: April-May 
Parts used: Fruits                                            

Habitat/ Distribution in Nepal: Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains; 300 - 1100 m, east to west

Principal constituents: Fruits contain β-sitosterol, gallic, ellagic acid, ethylgallite, galloylglucose, chebulagic acid and a cardic glycoside-bellaricanin. B-sitosterol, gallic acid, elligic acid, ethyl gallate, galloyl glucose, chebulagic acid, manitol, glactose, fructose, rhamose and tannin.

 

The fruits are useful in stomach disorder such as indigestion and diarrhea. Fruits are also useful in piles, leprosy, dropsy and fever. The belleirc fruit is one of the three constituents of the famous Indian Triphala, the other two being emboleic myrobolonand chebulic myrobolon. Fruits are chewed to cure cough, cold and as an appetizer. 

Fruits of Belleric myrobolon are available in different sizes and design as per customers’ choice and requirements. We usually use jute bags, carton boxes etc. for packing.

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