Terminalia Chebula Retz.

Terminalia chebula is a tree with a rounded crown and spreading branches. Chebulic Myrobolon fruits have been mostly used as domestic or traditional medicines. Now it has been used as medicinal compositions to manufacture different medicines. Traditionally it is to treat spleen, piles, cold and stomach disorder. It used in combination with emblic myrobolon and belleric myrobolon under the name of triphala. Arjuna extracts have been widely used in Ayurvedic medicine. The bark of the tree has been used for several centuries for treating cardiovascular ailments. It has a host of other therapeutic benefits including treating asthma, hypertension and kidney stones.
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Terminalia 
Species: chebula 
Botanical name: Terminalia Chebula Retz.
English name: Chebuli myrobolon, black myrobolon
Nepali name: Harro
Sanskrit name: Haritaki, Jivanika
Trade name: Hara, chebulic myrobolon
Flowering & fruiting Season: fl-April-May, fru- July-December
Distribution in Nepal: between 150-1100 m. throughout Nepal
Parts used: Fruits   
      
Principal constituents: Chebulagic, chebulinic acid and corilagin are the principal constituents, which render the herb its therapeutic property. The antioxidant constituents of the plant, phloroglucinol and pyrogallol, have been isolated along with ferulic, vanillic, p-coumaric and caffeic acids.

Terminalia  chebula is a medium-sized tree up to 25 m tall, deciduous tree of variable appearance, with a usually short cylindric bole of 5-10 m length, 60-80 cm in diameter at breast height; crown rounded, with spreading branches; bark dark brown, usually longitudinally cracked with woody scales; branchlets rusty-villous or glabrescent. Leaves alternate or opposite, thin-coriaceous, ovate or elliptic-obovate, 7-12 cm x 4-6.5 cm, rounded at base, obtuse to subacute at apex, entire, pubescent beneath; petiole up to 2 cm long, provided with 2 glands at the base of the leaf blade. Flowers in axillary 5-7 cm long spikes, simple or sometime branched, about 4 mm across, yellowish-white and unpleasantly scented; calyx 5-lobed, corolla absent; stamens 10, exserted; ovary inferior, 1-celled. Fruit an obovoid or oblong-ellipsoid drupe, 2.5-5 cm long, faintly 5-angular, yellow to orange-brown when ripe, glabrous.

Chebulic Myrobolon fruits are useful in opthalmia, hemorrhoids, dental caries, bleeding gums, ulcered oral cavity. Its paste with water is found to be anti-inflammatory, analgesic and having purifying and healing capacity for wounds. Its decoction is used as gargle in oral ulcers, sore throat. Its powder is a good astringent dentifrice in loose gums, bleeding and ulceration in gums. It is good to increase appetite, digestive aid, liver stimulant, stomachic, gastrointestinal prokinetic agent, and mild laxative. The powder of T. chebula fruits has been used in chronic diarrhea. It is used in nervous weakness, nervous irritability. It promotes the receiving power of five senses. It is adjuvant in hemorrhages due to its astringent nature and good for chronic cough, chorizo, sore throat as well as asthma. Also it is useful in renal calculi, dysurea, and retention of urine and skin disorders with discharges like allergies, urticaria and other erythematous disorders.

The bark is useful as an anti-ischemic and cardioprotective agent in hypertension and ischemic heart diseases, especially in disturbed cardiac rhythm, angina or myocardial infarction. The bark powder possesses diuretic, prostaglandin enhancing and coronary risk factor modulating properties. It apparently has a diuretic and a general tonic effect in cases of cirrhosis of the liver.

Fruits of chebulic myrobolon are available in different sizes and design as per customers’ choice and requirements. We usually use jute bags, carton boxes etc. for packing.

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