Calamus Essential oil

Calamus Essential oil

Botanical Name Acorus calamus L.
Common Name Sweet flag, Calamus
Family Araceae
Part of used Rhizome
Method of extraction steam distillation
Distribution Between 500 - 2300 m, east to west of Nepal
Type of product Wild crafted

Product Description:

Calamus essential oil is a semi-aquatic, perennial, aromatic herb with creeping rhizomes. Calamus oil is a wild-crafted essential oil extracted from the dried comminuted rhizomes and roots of Acorus calamus L. It is a wonderful gift of Himalayas. It is generally found in moist habitats such as the banks of ponds or streams and in swamps throughout Nepal. Its oil possesses antispasmodic and carminative properties. The oil is used to treat stomach ailments and mental debility.

Chemical Constituents:

Calamus essential oil contains α-thujone; other components are α-pinene, β-pinene, β-fenchene, α-fenchene, β-thujone, 1, 8-cineol, camphor, iso-borneol, β-caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, davanone, p-cymene, germacrene D, δ-cadinene, limonene and camphene.

Plant Description:

Acorus calamus L. is a perennial & rhizomes herb growing on marshy places. Leaves are bright green, 15 – 25 cm long and 0.2 – 0.5 cm broad, uniform with distinct midrib. Flowers small, yellow green arranged in cylindrical spandex. Known since biblical times, the aromatic rhizome (underground stem) of Acorus calamus L. is commonly referred to as calamus or sweet flag, Bhojo in Nepali. Calamus has been taken over the centuries as a remedy for various sorts of digestive upsets and colic, especially in children. They are harvested in late autumn or early spring and are dried for later use. The dry root loses 70% of its weight, but has an improved smell and taste.

Medicinal Use:

the rhizomes of calamus are considered to possess anti-spasmodic, carminative and anthelmintic properties. They are used for the treatment of a host of diseases such as epilepsy and other mental ailments, chronic diarrhea, dysentery, bronchial catarrh, intermittent fevers, glandular and abdominal tumors. They are also used to treat kidney and liver troubles, rheumatism and eczema.

Traditional use:

chewing the root is said to kill the taste for tobacco. Roots 2 – 3 years old are used since older roots tend to become tough and hollow.

Cosmetic uses:

in perfumes of the woody oriental type; in spice blends and flavors for alcoholic beverages.

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