Zanthoxylum Essential oil

Zanthoxylum Essential oil

Botanical Name Zanthoxylum armatum DC.
Common Name Prickly ash, Zanthoxylum, Sichuan pepper
Family Rutaceae
Parts of used Fruits
Method of Extraction Steam distillation
Distribution 900 meter to 2500 meter throughout Nepal.
Type of product Wild crafted

Product Description:

Zanthoxylum Essential oil is a wild wild crafted and very high value of medicinal and aromatic. Zanthoxylum essential oils can be obtained by using steam distillation of fruits. fruits & essential oil is carminative, stomachic and anthelmintic, in dyspepsia, fever and toothache. Fruits and seeds of zanthoxylum (Prickly ash) are collected in between the altitude of 900-2500m throughout Nepal’s hillside in forested areas. It is mostly used for its therapeutic properties such as analgestic, anti-allergic, anti-infectious, antirheumatic, bactericidal, carminative, cholagogue, digestive, emmenagogue, febrifuge, fun- gicidal, sedative, stimulant, stomachic and vermifuge.

Chemical Constituents:

Zanthoxylum Essential oil very rich in Lemonene, linalool and methyl cinnamate as major components and l-pinen, l-thujene, β-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, γ-terpinene, p-cymene, terpenin-4-ol, piperitone, carvone, cuminaldehyde, methyl cinnamate as other constituents.

Plant Description:

Zanthoxylum armatum DC. is a shrub or small tree, almost entirely smooth, with a strong aromatic smell. Bark is corky, with conspicuous young stems with thick conical prickles raising rising from a corky base. Spines are shining and sharp, growing on branch lets. Leaves are alternate, usually with 2 to 6 pairs of leaflets. Petioles and rachis are narrowly winged. Leaflets are elliptic-lanceolate, 2 to 8 centimeters long and 1 to 1.8 centimeters wide. Flowers are small, yellow, usually unisexual, borne in dense lateral panicles. Fruit is usually a solitary carpel dehiscing ventrally, about 3 millimeters in diameter, tubercled, red, and strongly aromatic.

Zanthoxylum alatum fruit in the form of condiments, spices and medicine. In the preparation of certain traditional dishes, the use of Prickly ash as a flavoring agent or spice is very popular. It is used in curing various common ailments such as toothache, common cold, cough, and fever, as it is believed to give warmth to the body. To cure toothache, a fresh or dry fruit is pressed over the affected tooth and is kept in position till it loses its pungency.

 

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