Zanthoxylum Essential oil is a wild wild crafted and very high value of medicinal and aromatic. Zanthoxylum essential oils can be obtained by using steam distillation of fruits. fruits & essential oil is carminative, stomachic and anthelmintic, in dyspepsia, fever and toothache. Fruits and seeds of zanthoxylum (Prickly ash) are collected in between the altitude of 900-2500m throughout Nepal’s hillside in forested areas. It is mostly used for its therapeutic properties such as analgestic, anti-allergic, anti-infectious, antirheumatic, bactericidal, carminative, cholagogue, digestive, emmenagogue, febrifuge, fun- gicidal, sedative, stimulant, stomachic and vermifuge.
Zanthoxylum Essential oil very rich in Lemonene, linalool and methyl cinnamate as major components and l-pinen, l-thujene, β-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, γ-terpinene, p-cymene, terpenin-4-ol, piperitone, carvone, cuminaldehyde, methyl cinnamate as other constituents.
Zanthoxylum armatum DC. is a shrub or small tree, almost entirely smooth, with a strong aromatic smell. Bark is corky, with conspicuous young stems with thick conical prickles raising rising from a corky base. Spines are shining and sharp, growing on branch lets. Leaves are alternate, usually with 2 to 6 pairs of leaflets. Petioles and rachis are narrowly winged. Leaflets are elliptic-lanceolate, 2 to 8 centimeters long and 1 to 1.8 centimeters wide. Flowers are small, yellow, usually unisexual, borne in dense lateral panicles. Fruit is usually a solitary carpel dehiscing ventrally, about 3 millimeters in diameter, tubercled, red, and strongly aromatic.
Zanthoxylum alatum fruit in the form of condiments, spices and medicine. In the preparation of certain traditional dishes, the use of Prickly ash as a flavoring agent or spice is very popular. It is used in curing various common ailments such as toothache, common cold, cough, and fever, as it is believed to give warmth to the body. To cure toothache, a fresh or dry fruit is pressed over the affected tooth and is kept in position till it loses its pungency.